plus the suction scar on the base (point #5 above and picture to the left) can date no earlier than 1905 and are usually post-1910. Though patented and first used to a limited degree in 1903, the first Owens Automatic Bottle Machine licenses were granted to other manufacturers in late 1904 making 1905 the effective “beginning” (i.e., terminus post quem) date for bottles with all of the above listed machine made diagnostic characteristics (Miller & McNichol 2002). Bottles which have all the primary characteristics noted above (#1, #3, #4) in the place of the suction scar (#5) were produced by non-Owens automatic or semi-automatic machines and are somewhat harder to precisely date, though the vast majority post-date 1905 also.
Blowing air might have been given by brand new line noticeable within the top the fresh new gang of blow shapes to the left, in which the latest “blow” the main duration occurred
It should be noted that one fairly early press-and-blow semi-automatic machine was designed to produce thin drill bottles. It was noted in 1910 that the Cumberland Glass Company (Bridgeton, NJ) had “. succeeded in perfecting a machine that will satisfactorily produce narrow neck bottles, such as catsups, beer bottles, etc., at a big saving over the hand method.”
The method put try uncommon that will was in fact book into the bottle-to make record: “The device differs from others, plus in getting the shoulder up on new package, the fresh new vessel is done in 2 sections, the fresh new neck getting put upon brand new bowl that have a moment procedure. This is accomplished so that there is no perceptible draw through to the new bottle proving the latest combined, and the package really stands all of the you can attempt as to strength. The device is manage much as all of the clicking machines are. ” (Federal Cup Budget 1910; Lockhart persm. 2007).
More especially, non-Owens servers-made container having narrow necks (just like the amber beer package pictured before) are always big date immediately after 1908 (and you may generally speaking just after 1910) regardless of how variety of servers these were brought to your just like the earliest strike-and-blow partial-automated hosts capable of producing narrow necked container (copied immediately after English computers developed a little before) had been first made otherwise put during the time regarding the U. Few slim neck package generated for the Owens hosts often pre-day the period including. Container or jars having wider mouths (for instance the container envisioned not as much as Matter #fifteen lower than) could possibly get sometimes pre-date 1905, in order to around throughout the 1893, while the partial-automatic force-and-blow servers had been being used to some extent from the mid-1890s. (The original development package proven to were made to the partial-automatic computers was wide mouth Vaseline package created by brand new C. L. Flaccus Mug Co. [Beaver Drops, PA.] during the 1894 [Lockhart et al. 2007d].) It’s thought that probably the pre-1905 semi-automatic bottles servers manufacturing regarding the You.S. try relegated to help you greater-mouth container/jars due to restrictions of one’s force-and-blow computers at the time (Toulouse 1967; Miller & Sullivan 1981; Jones & Sullivan 1989; Cable 1999; Miller & McNichol 2002; Lockhart persm. 2003).
S. (Boow 1991; Wire 1999)
The 1908 photo lower than try on the Lewis Hine range (Collection out of Congress) and you may suggests an early, most likely O’Neill (Barrett 2011) semi-automated force-and-strike female escort in Santa Ana CA cuatro mold dairy package (that have relatively large mouths) host and this included the following caption: “Machine that blows 4 dairy bottles immediately. Zero “lung blowers” working. Travis Mug Co., Clarksburg W. Va. Movie director claims computers try timely being received by play inside the package business, preparations ultimately for servers unlike “carrying from inside the boys.” Location: Clarksburg, Western Virginia” (Collection out of Congress). It a few dining table semi-automated host might have been hand-fed with mug (heating system planning the proper) and you will comes with both some other mold establishes for the parison molds (where in fact the very first “press” the main years took place) this new set on suitable.